ST. JOAN OF ARC
THE LIFE-STORY OF THE
MAID OF ORLEANS .
REV. DENIS LYNCH, S.J.
Author of —"The Story of the Acts of the Apostles"
New York, Cincinnati, Chicago
Publishers of Printers of The
Benziger Magazine Holy Apostlic See
Imprimi Potrst. A. GYR, S.J., sup. Reg. Missionis Bombayensis
Nthil Obstat ARTHUR J. SCANLAN, S.T.D., Censor Librorum
Imprimature. + PATRICK J. HAYES, D.D.,
Archbishop of Now York.
New York, July 28, 1919.
Copyright, 1919, By Benziger Brothers
JOAN OF ARC
"The name and fame of Jeanne d'Arc are ‘in the catalogue of common things,’ like the rainbow; of things so familiar that an effort of the imagination is needed before we can appreciate the unique position of the Maid in history. The story of her career, as one of her learned French historians has said, ‘is the most marvelous episode in our history, and in all histories'
"She was the consummation and ideal of two noble human efforts toward perfection. The peasant's daughter was the Flower of Chivalry, brave, gentle, merciful, courteous, kind, and loyal. Later poets and romance-writers delighted to draw the figure of the Lady-Knight; but Spenser and Ariosto could not create, Shakespeare could not imagine, such a being as Jeanne d 'Arc.
"She was the most perfect daughter of her Church; to her its Sacraments were the very Bread of Life; her conscience, by frequent confession, was kept fair and pure as the lilies of Paradise. Ina tragedy without parallel or precedent the Flower of Chivalry died for France and the chivalry of France, which had deserted her; she died by the chivalry of England, which shamefully entreated and destroyed her; while the most faithful of Christians perished through the ‘celestial science' and dull political hatred of priests who impudently called themselves 'the Church!'
"She came with powers and with genius which should be the marvel of the world while the world stands. She redeemed a nation; she wrought such works as seemed to her people, abd wekk might seem miraculous. Yet even among her own people, even now, her glory is not uncontested."
The Maid of France. Introduction.
"Such is the power of this story, such its tyranny over the heart, its magnetism to draw tears, that, well or ill told, it will ever make the hearer weep, be he young or old, chilled by the growing years or steeled by the hardness of life. Let no one blush for tears like these, for their cause is fair. No recent sorrow, no personal affiction of any kind, may so justly thrill an upright heart.
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"By roads infested with brigands she traverses France; she wins the court of Charles VII; she throws herself into the war; and in the camps which she had never before seen, in the combats which she had never shared, she is surprised at nothing. She rushes intrepidly into the midst of the fray; she is wounded, but she never wavers; she animates the veteran soldiers; she transforms the multitude into a military array, and no one knows any longer the meaning of fear. The youthful form of the maiden blunts the point of the lance and breaks the foeman's sword: with her stainless bosom she shields the heart of France.
"Her recompense? Betrayed and subjected to outrage, and judged unjustly, in her last and most fearful struggle she is as constant as in those that went before; and the words caught from her dying lips will cause tears to flow forever more.
". . .Abandoned by her king and by her people, whom she saved, by the cruel path of flame she returns to the bosom of God. . . . No ideal that man has conceived ever approached this most certain reality."
Jeanne d'Are. Introduction.
"Thy country's sin, the insult, and the shame,
The scaffold's doom, the faggot and the flame—
All these shall pass and be remembered not; Fair
Charity with kindly tears shall blot
From France's shield the black corroding stain,
Caught from thy blood, 0 Lily of Lorraine!
The hero's heart shall lose its thirst for fame,
And truth be dead, and virtue but a name, shall
Ere men cease to honor thee who gave
To France, to liberty, to truth ---
In battle's bloodiest trenches undismayed,
'Neath insult meek, in persecution brave.
Thy love, thy life, thy stainless youth,
0 Virgin, Patriot, and Martyr Maid!"
Section I.—Recent Studies 13
Section 2.—Joan, Her Own Historian . . 20
Section 3.—The Church and Joan . . . 21
The Mission of Joan
Section 1.—General View 23
Section 2.—The Supernatural in the Mission of Joan . 24
Section 3.—Her Prophecies 28
Section 4.—Joan's Pre-eminent Sanctity 32
Section 5.—Joan's Military Genius 35
Christendom At The Time of Joan of Arc
Section 1.—General View 39
Section 2.—England and France 42
Section 3.—Dissensions of the French Princes 44
Charles, the VII51
Condition of the People55
Joan’s Early Years
Section 1. —Her Birthplace 59
Section 2.—Joan's Family and its Condition Her House and Name 62
Section 3.—Her Birth and the Chronology of Her Life 69
The Unfolding of The Flower - Joan's Manner of Life at Domremy
Section 1.—As She Appeared to Others73
Joan Enters On Her Military Career – She Goes to Vaucouleurs. 84
Joan Goes To The King At Chinon91
Section 1.—Across France 91
Section 2.—With the King at Chinon 93
Section 3.—At Poitiers and Tours. - Her Sword and Banner 100
Section 4.—Joan's Attire and Appearance 106
The Land, The Parties And The Men – When Joan Comes
Section 1.—The Land 109
Section 2.—The Parties, National and Anti-national 110
Section 3.—Some of the Men with Joan 114
War In Joan’s Time – Her Army
Section 1.—Manner of Warfare 117
Section 2.—Joan's Army 120
The City of Orleans At The Time of The Siege122
The Siege, Until The Coming of Joan126
Joan Comes To Orleans
Section 1—The Convoy Made Ready at Blois.
Joan's Letter to the English 134
Section 2.—The Revictualing of Orleans 137
Section 3.—Joan Enters the City 141
Joan Raises The Siege143
The Campaign Of The Loire
Section 1— Joan Goes to Meet the King 157
Section 2.—Preparation for the Campaign 159
Section 3.—The Taking of Jargeau 161
Section 4.—Meung, Beaugency and Patay 164
Joan Leads The King To Be Crowned
Section 1.—Slow to Move 167
Section 2.—What Might Have Been 171
Section 3.—Joan's Manner of Warfare 173
Section 4.—A Bloodless March Through Foes 176
After The Coronation
Section 1.—Duplicity and Treason 188
Section 2.—Advance and Retreat 191
Section 1.—Advancing to Battle. Joan's Position. Joy of the People 197
Section 2.—A Drawn Battle 199
Section 3.—Further Successes and Vain Negotiations 202
Section 4.—Joan Leaves Compiegne. Message of Count d’Armagnac 203
Section 5.—Joan Marches 205
The Fight for Paris206
The Great Retreat and After
Section 1.—The Retreat 212
Section 2—Joan Parted from Alencon. Subsequent Movements 213
Section 3. —Joan at Bourges 215
Section 4. —.Joan Unmasks Catherine of La Rochelle 216
Section 5.—The Taking of St. Pierre-le-Moustier 217
Section 6. —Failure at La Charite 218
Section 7.—The Ennobling of Joan's Family 219
Section 8. Winter and Spring 220
Joan’s Last Campaign
Section 1.— She Comes to Lagny Defeat and Execution of Franquet d’ Arres 222
Section 2.—The Prediction of Joan’s Capture 224
Section 3.—The Position of Burgundy and the English 225
The Siege of Compiegne227
The Sortie and Capture of Joan233
Was Joan Betrayed?238
Position of Joan as Captive241
Joan in Captivity. From Compiegne to Rouen264
Joan’s Last Prison254
Some of the Sanhedrin258
General View of the Trial262
Preparing for the Trial270
The Examination of Joan274
A Change of Procedure286
Between The Examination and The Trial294
The Question of Torture304
The Pretended Abjuration307
The Quitting and Resumption of Male Attire315
Interbogatory of May 28th318
The Sentence and Execution321
After The Death of Joan328
Did Joan Die a Martyr?333
What did Her Party Do to Save Her?335
Joan Through The Vista of The Years340
Canonization - St. Joan of Arc344