The Quitting and Resumption of Male Attire

It was a flagrant violation of law and justice to deny to Joan enclosure in an ecclesiastical prison after her condemnation. She pitifully begged the fulfillment of the promise; but Bishop Cauchon said, "Take her back whence she came." The English, meanwhile, were exasperated by the less extreme sentence; and on the way from the cemetery to the castle, Joan was the object of derision to the pages under the eyes of their masters. The leading Englishmen poured out invectives against the bishop and his doctors; they even unsheathed their swords. Warwick exclaimed, "The king's business goes badly." To whom the answer was made, "Do not worry: we shall have her yet."

On the same day, Thursday, Lemaitre, Midi, Loyseleur, Courcelles, La Pierre, and others, went to Joan's prison, to warn her she would receive no mercy if she fell back, and to bid her put on woman's clothing. The official story is that Joan unhesitatingly obeyed—the story was written after, and in view of a pretended relapse. The bad faith of her judges shines luridly through all this. But much more thought the brutal outrages committed on Joan in


prison when .she had resumed female attire. - La Pierre was moved to pity at sight of her disfigured, tear-stained face. "Much wrong and violence was done her," he says. "She was beaten and treated with violence," testifies Ladvenu: and a vile English milord—Warwick---attempted to violate her—in order, it would seem, to deprive her of her vaunted title of virginity. "She complained in a manner which astonished," says Toutmouille, "of the oppression and violence done her in prison by the guards and the men sent in to her." Joan declared publicly that it was on this account she resumed her former dress, which she did on the feast of the Blessed Trinity.

Massieu testified in his triple deposition that woman's dress was taken from her in the morning, and male attire left near her. She asked in vain to have woman's dress returned. Having to leave the room, she was forced by the circumstances to put on man's clothing. Afterwards she would not change, because, say Ladvenu and Manchon, of the danger to her purity. Joan was chained; without the connivance of the English soldiers she could not have taken her, former attire. Friday or Saturday, when Cauchon learned she had reassumed her former clothing, he sent Beaupere and Midi to urge her to change. The key of the prison could be found; and the English in the courtyard threatened to throw them into the river and


pursued them when they ran away. Others had a like experience, and speak of from eighty to one hundred English soldiers present. From the accounts of brutality suffered by Joan, we may suppose by Joan, we may suppose that Warwick was not the only one guilty of bestiality.